The 900-year-old Jame Mosque of Yazd is one of the most magnificent and beautiful historical buildings in Yazd province, which is located in the center of the city with tall minarets. In the past, the mosque was located in the middle of the old city, in the middle of the fence. The surface area of the mosque is equal to 9800 square meters and 500 square meters of it includes tiles and inscriptions. Jameh Mosque of Yazd is 104 meters long and 99 meters wide and has seven entrances. These seven entrances are connected to several alleys and exits. This mosque is the oldest example of architecture in the 9th century of the Hijri in the architecture of the religious district of Yazd and it was registered with the number 206 in the list of national works of Iran.
History of Yazd Jame Mosque
The construction and completion of Jame Mosque in Yazd has been done during a century and in different historical eras; among the most important ones, we can mention Ilkhani dynasty, Safavid dynasty, Timurid dynasty, Al Muzaffar dynasty and Qajar dynasty. In fact, every part of this historical building has been built and restored over time by several founders.
The main foundation of the mosque was built on a fire temple in the Sassanid era, and the current building is from the Qajar period. In fact, during the reign of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, a large-scale demolition operation was carried out to restore this historical building, which created a completely different appearance from the original mosque as it is today.
Yazd Jame Mosque architecture
The design of the Grand Mosque is a combination of a domed chamber and a long rectangular nave. The main plan of the mosque is quadrangular, which is considered to be an imitation of the plan of the Kaaba. The architectural style of Jame Mosque is Azeri style. Also, in this way, they say the Mongol or Iranian-Mongol style, examples of which can be seen in buildings in Herat and Bukhara.
The lighting of the Jame Mosque is indirect through the reflection of light from the white plaster of the dome and walls.
Yazd Jame Mosque Treasure Museum
Jame Mosque Museum of Yazd started its work in 1393 with the aim of displaying historical works related to the religion and culture of the old days, especially the Islamic period. Another goal of the museum is to introduce the history of the mosque and examine the process of its restorations and renovations. The museum collection includes 350 pieces that belong to the Ilkhanid period to the contemporary period. Some of the most prominent of these works include:
• Pictures of Jame Mosque from 1312 onwards
• Some parts left over from renovations
• Golden tiles of the Ilkhani period dating back to the 8th solar century
• Immortal tiles of the Timurid period dating back to the 9th solar century
• Seven-colored tiles of the Qajar period
• Mosaic tiles of the first Pahlavi period
• A marble pulpit dating back to the Qajar period
• The wooden clock of the mosque, donated by Haj Mohammad Ali Waziri in 1324
• A collection of Zillows
• A piece of the curtain of the Kaaba, donated by the king of Saudi Arabia in 1345
• In walnut wood with inlaid decorations from the Afshariya period